Accusative Case Koga ili Šta?

The form of accusative case is identical to that of the nominative for many nouns. We use accusative case where we have direct object in a sentence.

Declination for nouns in Accusative case are:

Masc. gen. sing.
Adj. -og/eg or -iNoun -a
Masc. gen. pl.
Adj. -eNoun -e
Fem. gen. singAdj. -uNoun -u
Fem. gen. pl.Adj. -eNoun -e or -i
Neuter gen. sing.Adj. -o or -eNoun -o or -e
Neuter gen, pl. Adj. -aNoun -a

Some of accusative case prepositions:

KrozThrough
NaTo, Onto, It
NadOver
PodUnder
PredIn front of
UIn
UzAlong
ZaFor

Accusative Case pronouns:

Mene (me) /MeNas / Us
Tebe (te) / YouVas / You
Njih (ih) / Them
Njega (ga) / Him
Nju (ju, je) / Her
Njega (ga) / It

Accusative Case Interrogative Pronouns:

Koga / Who

Šta / What

Accusative Demonstrative Adjectives:

note: Ovaj (this one male), Ovu (this one female), and Ovo (this one neuter) demonstrate close proximity to the speaker. Taj, Tu, and To all demonstrate a semi-close proximity to the speaker. The speaker can either point at that person and say “That is my sister..” and we will know who they are talking about or even if the person is not there it is clear who is that we talking about. Onaj (that one m), Onu (that one f) and Ono (that one n) all refer to someone or something that is not in a close proximity to the speaker.

Masculine SingularOvajTajOnaj
Masculine PluralOveTeOne
Feminine SingularOvuTuOnu
Feminine PluralOveTe One
Neuter SingularOvoToOno
Neuter PluralOvaTaOna

Accusative in phrases:

  • Na taj način / In that way, like that
  • Na primjer / For example
  • Na zdravlje / Cheers
  • U neku ruku / To a certain degree
  • Za uzvrat / In return
  • Za razliku od / Unlike
  • Vrijeme za spavanje / Bedtime

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