Dative Case / Kome, Čemu?

Dative case express indirect object in the sentence. Dative signifies that someone or something is affected by the action or state expressed by the verb in a sentence.
If a verb has two objects the second is usually in Dative case.

Declination for nouns in dative case are:

Masc. gen. sing.Adj. -om/emNoun -u
Masc.gen.pl.Adj. -imNoun -ima
Fem. gend. sing.Adj. -ojNoun -i
Fem. gen. pl.Adj. -imNoun -ama or -ima
Neuter gen. singAdj. -om /emNoun -u
Neuter gen. pl.Adj. -imNoun -ima

Dative case prepositions:

K (a)Toward
NasuprotOpposite, Across from
UnatočIn spite of

Dative Case pronouns:

Meni (mi) /To meNama (nam) / To us
Tebi (ti) / To youVama (vam)/ To you
Njima (im) / To them
Njemu (mu) /To him
Njoj (joj) / To her
Njemu (mu) / To it

Dative Case Interrogative Pronouns:

Kome/ To Whom

Čemu / To What

Example of Dative Case with and without prepositions:

  • Pružio mi je ruku / He extended his arm to me ( To me or mi is dative case).
  • Ona mu je dala odgovor. / She answered him or She gave him an answer.
  • Samo nam je još to trebalo. / We only needed that.
  • Odlično ti je odijelo / That is an excellent suit.
  • Kupila nam je sladoled. / She bought an ice cream for us / to us.

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