Locative Case / O kome, o čemu?

The locative case is used with prepositions. Some of the prepositions are used with the accusative but when added the specific meaning to the movement it will specify the locative case.

Declension for nouns in locative case are:

Masc. gen. singAdj. -om/emNoun –u
Masc. gen. pl.Adj. -imNoun -ima
Fem. gen. sing.Adj. -ojNoun -i
Fem. gen. pl. Adj. -imNoun -ama/ima
Neuter gen. sing.Adj. om/emNoun –u
Neuter gen. pl. Adj. om/emNoun –u

Locative case prepositions:

Na On, It, At

O About, Concerning

Po Through, With, By, After

Prema According to

U In, At

Locative Case pronouns:

O Meni /About meO Nama / About us
O Tebi / About youO Vama/ About you
O Njima / About them
O Njemu /About him
O Njoj / About her
O Njemu /About it

Locative Case Interrogative Pronouns:

O Kome/ About Whom

O Čemu / About What

Demonstrative Adjectives for Locative Case:

Masc. sOvom, Tom, Onomabout this one, that one, The one over there
Mas. plOvim, Tim, Onimab. these ones, those ones, those ones /over there
Fem. sOvoj, Toj, OnojAbout this one, that one, the one over there
Fem pl.Ovima, Tim, OnimaAbout these ones, Those ones, those ones
Neu. s.Ovom, Tom, OnomAbout This one, That one, That one over there
Neuter pl.Ovima, Tim, OnimaAbout these ones, Those ones, Those over there

Example of Locative Case with and without prepositions:

  • Hvala na pitanju. / Thanks for asking
  • Živimo u Austriji već pet godina. / We’ve been living in Austria for five years already.
  • Po njegovom mišljenju Bosna nije sigurna država. / According to him Bosnia is not safe country.

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2 Replies to “Locative Case / O kome, o čemu?”

  1. I came across a sentence which confused me a lot.

    “Ja živim u starom dijelu Podgorice.”
    The “dio” turned the adjective into muški rod as far as I understand. But what happened to the Podgorica?
    Is it turned into Akuzativ case or something that I don’t know? How and why?

    Thank you very much, I learned a lot with your lessons.
    Excellent explanation and summary that I have ever encountered so far!
    Love you all!

    1. Hi there, thank you for your kind comment. This is how DIO is changed through cases:

      padež jednina množina
      nominativ dio dijelovi
      genitiv dijela dijelova
      dativ dijelu dijelovima
      akuzativ dijela dijelova
      vokativ dio dijelovi
      lokativ dijelu dijelovima
      instrumental dijelom dijelovima

      Ja živim u starom dijelu Podgorice – I live in an old part of Podgorica. Podgorica is a feminine noun and when we talk about ‘ of ‘ something we always use Genitive Case,
      therefore Podgorica changed to Podgorice. Hope this helps, if you have any other questions please feel free to ask. Thank you.

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