Recognize noun’s gender

In Bosnian language all nouns belong to one of the three genders: masculine, feminine, or neuter.

Masculine nouns end on consonant:

  • Muškarac / A man
  • Čovjek / Person, A man
  • Otac / Father
  • Pas / Dog

Feminine nouns end on vowel a:

  • Žena / Woman
  • Sestra / Sister
  • Tašna / Bag
  • Mama / Mom

Neuter nouns usually end on vowel -e or -o:

  • Pitanje / Question
  • More / Sea
  • Pivo / Beer
  • Selo / Village

Exceptions:

Some masculine nouns can end on -o or -e if they refer to male personal names, affectionate terms for family member or words for roles that are historically played by men. Some feminine nouns can also end in consonant.

  • Stvar / Thing (feminine)
  • Riječ / Word (feminine)
  • Auto / (short for automobil, masculine)
  • Tata / Dad (masculine).
  • Umjetnost / Art (feminine)
  • Mladost / Youth (feminine)
  • Stvarnost/ Reality (feminine)
  • Mogućnost / Possibility (feminine)

Gender in nouns for profession or nationality:

In Bosnian language the masculine form for denoting profession or nationality can have specific and generic meaning as it can either refer to a man or to any member of that category, regardless of the sex. Feminine form has only one meaning, it refers to female member of the group. Example in English: Actor (male) Actress (female). In regards to nationality Bosnian always makes specific based on the gender.

  • Student / Student ( male generic)
  • Studentica / female student
  • Amerikanac / male American
  • Amerikanka / female American
  • Bosanac / male Bosnian
  • Bosanka / female Bosnian

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