Words that end on -em, -ev, -ov

Words that end on soft consonant will have -em ending instead of regular –om ending.

Words that have ‘soft’ consonant ending usually end on one of these sounds:

  • c
  • č
  • ć
  • đ
  • j
  • lj
  • nj
  • š
  • ž
  • št and sometimes words that end on -e

Example:

  • sadržaj (content) – sadržajem
  • lice (face) – licem
  • cilj (goal) – ciljem
  • omogućavanje (enabling) – omogućavanjem
  • naš (ours) – našem
  • muškarac (a man) – muškarcem

Nouns that end on -ov or -ev

Masculine nouns with a monosyllabic stem usually add the syllable –ov before the plural ending. If the stem final consonant is soft (look for soft consonants above) then the added syllable is –ev. Also, nouns whose stem end on -e will shift to before adding sylable -ev. Sometimes it happens that the long syllable will shorten before adding -ev.

Examples:

Stem Nom. singularNom. pl.
stem -ovgradgradovi city, cities
mostmostovibridge, bridges
stem -evmužmuževihusband (s)
ključključevikey (s)
shift -e to čotacočevifather (s)

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