Accusative Case Koga ili Šta?

The form of accusative case is identical to that of the nominative for many nouns. We use accusative case where we have direct object in a sentence.

Declination for nouns in Accusative case are:

Masc. gen. sing.
Adj. -og/eg or -iNoun -a
Masc. gen. pl.
Adj. -eNoun -e
Fem. gen. singAdj. -uNoun -u
Fem. gen. pl.Adj. -eNoun -e or -i
Neuter gen. sing.Adj. -o or -eNoun -o or -e
Neuter gen, pl. Adj. -aNoun -a

Some of accusative case prepositions:

KrozThrough
NaTo, Onto, It
NadOver
PodUnder
PredIn front of
UIn
UzAlong
ZaFor

Accusative Case pronouns:

Mene (me) /MeNas / Us
Tebe (te) / YouVas / You
Njih (ih) / Them
Njega (ga) / Him
Nju (ju, je) / Her
Njega (ga) / It

Accusative Case Interrogative Pronouns:

Koga / Who

Šta / What

Accusative Demonstrative Adjectives:

note: Ovaj (this one male), Ovu (this one female), and Ovo (this one neuter) demonstrate close proximity to the speaker. Taj, Tu, and To all demonstrate a semi-close proximity to the speaker. The speaker can either point at that person and say “That is my sister..” and we will know who they are talking about or even if the person is not there it is clear who is that we talking about. Onaj (that one m), Onu (that one f) and Ono (that one n) all refer to someone or something that is not in a close proximity to the speaker.

Masculine SingularOvajTajOnaj
Masculine PluralOveTeOne
Feminine SingularOvuTuOnu
Feminine PluralOveTe One
Neuter SingularOvoToOno
Neuter PluralOvaTaOna

Accusative in phrases:

  • Na taj način / In that way, like that
  • Na primjer / For example
  • Na zdravlje / Cheers
  • U neku ruku / To a certain degree
  • Za uzvrat / In return
  • Za razliku od / Unlike
  • Vrijeme za spavanje / Bedtime

Genitive Case / Koga, Čega?

In Bosnian language genitive case is used mainly to address possession or ownership and is used with prepositions. If you ask yourself a question Of Whom or Of What then you are using genitive case.

Declensions for nouns and adjective in genitive case are:

Masculine gender sing.           Adjective   – og/eg                 Noun -a

Masculine gen. plural               Adjective -ih                            Noun -a

Feminine gender singular      Adjective -e                            Noun -e or -i

Feminine gender plural            Adjective -ih                         Noun -a or i

Neuter gender singular           Adjective -og,eg                 Noun -a 

Neuter gender plural                Adjective -ih                         Noun -a

Some of genitive case prepositions:

Bez Without
Blizu Near
Do Next to
Ispred In front of
Iz From, out of
Sa From, off of
Od From, away
Između Between
Iznad Above
Ispod Below
Iza Behind
Pored Next to, Beside
Protiv Against
Poslije After
Za vrijeme During, At the time…
Zbog Because of

Genitive Case pronouns:

Mene (me) /Of me Nas / Of us
Tebe (te) / Of you Vas / Of you (form. Or plural)
Njih / Of them
Njega (ga) /Of him Nje (je) / Of her Njega (ga) / Of it  

Genitive Case Interrogative Pronouns:

Koga / Who, Of Whom

Čega / What, Of What

Demonstrative Adjectives Declensions – Genitive Case

Masculine S.Ovog, Tog, OnogThis one, That one, The one over there
Masculine Pl.Ovih, Tih, OnihThese ones, Those ones, The ones over there
Feminine S.Ove, Te, OneThis, That one, That one /far away/
Feminine Pl.Ovih, Tih, OnihThese, Those, Those ones
Neuter S.Ovog, Tog, OnogOf this, of that, Of that one over there
Neuter Pl.Ovih, Tih, OnihOf these, Of those, Of those over there

Existance: IMA / There is NEMA/ There aren’t

Examples:

  • U Bosni ima puno kiše. / There is a lot of rain in Bosnia (kiša fem. noun, in genitive decl. -e).
  • Na Floridi nema snijega. / There isn’t snow in Florida (snijeg masculine noun, in genitive -a decl.)
  • Ima previše nezaposlenosti. / There is too much of unemployment (-i decl.)


Antonyms

https://youtu.be/A5gE0Ri-xss

Otvoreno/ Open – Zatvoreno/Closed

Puno/Full – Prazno/Empty

Gore/Up – Dole/Down

Dobro/ Good – Loe/Bad

Malo/Small – Veliko/Big

Ići/To Go – Stani/Stop

Antonimi

Opposites in Bosnian!