Jajce – the city in Central Bosnia is a true hidden gem yet to be discovered by the mainstream tourism. Jajce is a Medieval town located in the Central Kanton in Bosnia and Herzegovina and it serves as one of the most significant places from the past Yugoslavia.Just like the rest of Bosnia Jajce is an inexpensive historical trip to the Bosnian past and only a short driving distance from the Bosnian capital city. This town was first built in the 14th century and served as the capital of the independent Kingdom of Bosnia. The first written reference of Jajce was in the 1396’s.Although by that time the city fortress had already existed. The town has gates as fortifications, as well as a castle with walls which lead to the various gates around the town. Jajce was the residence of the last Bosnian king Stjepan Komašević where he was slain and buried.
The Ottomans besieged the town and executed King Tomašević, but held it only for six months. At this point it was Hungarians who looked to seize the opportunity to accomplish long-desired goal of capturing Bosnian realm. With the Bosnian King’s death opportunity opened for Hungarian King Corvinus to try and capture Bosnia before Ottomans, which consequentially lead to Siege of Jajce and suppression of Ottoman forces advancement. This derailed Ottoman plans for nearly half of century, for which time Hungarians established the Banovina of Jajce.
Tito ‘s role in Jajce
On 21 December 1941, the Partisans created the First Proletarian Brigade and on 1 March 1942, Tito created the Second Proletarian Brigade. In liberated territories, the Partisans organised People’s Committees to act as civilian government. The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) convened in Bihać on 26–27 November 1942 and in Jajce on 29 November 1943. In the two sessions, the resistance representatives established the basis for post-war organisation of the country, deciding on a federation of the Yugoslav nations. In the city of Jajce a 67-member “presidency” was elected and established a nine-member National Committee of Liberation (five communist members) as a de facto provisional government. Tito was named President of the National Committee of Liberation.
Things to see in Jajce:
- Pliva Waterfall
- Water Mills
- 17 meter high waterfall in the center of the town
Jajce fortress (incl. city walls and bastions)
catacombs and underground church
- Museum of AVNOJ (history museum about Second World War and Yugoslavian partisans resistance)
- The tomb of the last Bosnian king
- Ethno Museum with mineral collection